Seymour Martin Lipset

The essence of democracy itself is the real involvement of the people in the State Government. The dilemmas posed by Clauss Offe and Philippe Schmiter, in his text the paradoxes and dilemmas of liberal democracy, and that listed a series of conflicts intrinsic and extrinsic, that already had worked on Karl in the Decade of the 1990s, reflect the dangers and problems which they face and which must be resolved if you want to preserve the health of the democratic system. Much of the literature of the subject matter, coincides with a crucial point: democracy is located away from the consolidation as a form of organization of a group of people, as a form of Government and even less as a way of life. Necessary policies are concrete that they concurrently embistan the difficulties generated by social, cultural divisions but particularly acute economic inequality. This implies the resignification and the broader understanding of poverty, especially absolute poverty, this being considered not only as a situation of lack material, but particularly as the absence of the representativeness of enormous social sectors that have been found systematically excluded from political institutions or, on occasions, tied almost solely through the link of political patronage where the ruling party plays avidly, in a relationship of David and Goliath, with the needs of their prospective voters. Democracy, in the midst of poverty, makes no sense.

The strengthening of democratic institutions and the promotion of citizen participation are necessary. But this will only be possible if it precedes a serious policy that combats poverty so that they can be constructed from this first Foundation, the following incremental steps that will give shape and place an excluded sector, not only of the system of Government and its institutions, but of the same social and civil life. Order to build democratic subjects begins the construction of social subjects and not vice versa. We are primarily individuals, society and ultimately democratic (1) democracy in Latin America: towards a democracy of citizens. Published for the program of Nations United for development (UNDP). 2004 (2) Seymour Martin Lipset, political man (1959), Editorial Tecnos, 1987.

(3) Claus Offe and Philippe Schmiter. The paradoxes and dilemmas of liberal democracy. 1995, Claus Offe and Philippe Schmiter. The paradoxes and dilemmas of liberal democracy. (4) MANUEL ALCANTARA SAEZ: lights and shadows of the quality of democracy in Latin America. 2008 Journal of Electoral law, N. 6, second semester 2008 (5) IDEA Institute form Democracy and Electoral Assistance. (6) The IDEA Institute form Democracy and Electoral Assistance.

Portugal Debt

To all this we must add the exacerbation of the plight in the media international countries like Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain, among others, by a movement orchestrated by global financial agents and that translates into the undervaluing of the agencies rating, private, public debt that were resorting to finance some buffer performances of the crisis. Thus, any space of autonomy of the Governments policy and its condition is cut root democratic. Governments that previously had margin when it had its own currency and now not can not devalue. The balance of payments deficit, the imbalance of public accounts, and the impossibility of acting with the slightest independence in terms of economic policy, and the blackmail of not being able to leave the euro given the risk of isolation, the resignation of the EU to exercise regulatory policy that deserves such name in matters fiscal, labour and financial or even conclusion to issue joint public debt based on the solidarity of different European Statesthey lead to a disciplined aborregamiento of the national political agenda. In this case those agents of transnational financial capital subjected, and Governments capitulate, requiring a program of neoliberal austerity in public accounts historically formidable dimensions, as well as labour reforms, collective bargaining and salary review models, and the pension system, to ensure that returns and interest rates on the debt securities public that they buy are as loose as possible. With this situation, it is clear that the European Union is not more than a non-operating institutional housing at the political level to put corset to speculative abuses of the global financial markets and its own logic and that, ultimately, democracy, which was already low intensity, fades fully, making productivity mere Governments of neoliberal policies that dictate them societies investment and large multinational companies. Spain has bled saving the main cause of the crisis, and now with a tremendous fiscal crisis, is to be financed by issuing public debt.