is a graduate in Economics. It was a market analyst for Venezuela and the Caribbean at the Embassy of Spain in Caracas between 1980 and 1981. Since 1984 is the State Technical Sales. He has taught macroeconomics and international economics at the Center for Business Studies in Madrid from 1984 to 1989. Between 1986 and 1987 he was adviser to the Cabinet of the Minister of Finance, coinciding with the stage of Carlos Solchaga as head of the department. Between 1988 and 1989 he was chief of staff of the Ministry of Commerce, during one of the two terms of Apolonio Ruiz Ligero. He was part of the management boards of public companies Aldeasa (1987), Initec (1988-1989) and the Industrial Cr Bank (1988-1989).