Skeletal Hereditary Diseases

various hereditary diseases of the skeleton, which lead to a reduction in strength. When exposed to excessive power-stage, such as stroke, falls, or as a result of a gunshot wound, it happens called traumatic fracture, and if the state of painful and accompanied by a decrease in bone strength, as in osteomyelitis, tumor, or some endocrine disorders, fracture occurs when the impact traumatized adjacent muscles, nerves, blood vessels and so on. When there is damage to the skin and there are wounds, doctors called a fracture open, and when the skin remains intact, the fracture is closed. Considering tibia. It can be broken in a fall from height in feet. Consequently, the astragalus as if squeezed between the heel and tibia. The mechanism of injury is the same, but the fall in the heel, can occur talus neck fracture, which occurs most frequently. Sometimes, when falling on the foot in plantar flexion, as if "on tiptoe", there is a fracture of posterior process of talus.

Also, it is neck fracture dislocation of the talus with her body, or dislocation of the head and body talus. For further treatment of this combination are considered unfavorable. Fractures of the talus do not happen very often, are similar supply of bone is carried by the vessels of the soft tissues that surround the talus. When a fracture of the talus, there is a significant risk of necrosis, and this in turn leads to a disruption of the ankle. The victim complained of pain in the fracture. Develops a large swelling of surrounding tissue. Smoothed contours of the ankle.

If we have the displacement of bone fragments, can be observe the deformation of the foot. When X-ray and usually specify the nature of the fracture and the degree of displacement of bone fragments. Sometimes a diagnosis of fracture is difficult if the victim is found anomaly of development, that is, the presence of additional triangular bone. In this case, to the aid of lateral radiographs of the ankle joint. First of all, spend the zone of fracture analgesia. If the dislocation or displacement absent on leg impose a plaster cast from toes to the upper third of the leg. This kind of bandage called "gypsum Sapozhok." Foot attached to a specific position, which depends on the type of fracture. Duration immobilization ranges from four to eight weeks. If there was a comminuted fracture, usually a period of immobilization in a plaster cast is increased to twelve weeks.